Belukha Mountain is located in Ust-Koksinsky district of the Altai Mountains. It is the highest peak of Katun ridge and the highest peak of Siberia as well. Belukha has two peaks, in the form of irregular pyramids: eastern (4506 meters height) and western (4435 meters height). Two peaks form a wall called “Ak-Kem wall”, vertically falldown toward the Ak-Kem glacier. The common path to foot of Belukha lies through Karaturek pass and Kuzuyak pass. Despite the fact that Belukha is relatively low peak, it is still considered a harsh and inaccessible. The reason is the rough climate of Belukha. It is always cold here, shrill wind blows, the rocks are covered with a thin glacial glaze almost everywhere throughout the year. Area of Belukha is located on border of 7-8-E seismic activity zones, so micro-earthquakes, breaking the ice shell, avalanches and landslides are very frequent.
Belukha is surrounded by glaciers from all sides. Ak-Kem glacier downs from the north, Glacier Sapozhnikov lies in the north-east. The glaciers Gebelera (Katun glacier) and Small Berel are located on the south-west, the Big Berel glacier and Black Glaciers are on the South, and Kucherla glacier lies on the west. All glaciers are large and stretch from 2 to 10 square kilometers. Many of them down below timberline, so path to summit takes place on ice and snow. The total area of Belukha glaciers is 70 square kilometers. They give a source to the Katun River and its tributaries.