Biya river

Name Biya is most often associated with Altai word "bij" - "Sir." Legend narrates that Bij and Katun ( "Mr." and "Mrs.") have decided to run a race. Katun wanted to overcome Bii, but the man crossed her path first. The Biya River is one of the most beautiful rivers in Western Siberia, and the second water content in Altai. The Biya basin is amazingly beautiful nature in the summer, water is warm enough for swimming, rafting and to have an active trips experience. The Biya originates in Teletskoe Lake . At the confluence with the Katun, not far from Biysk city, falls into the Ob River the largest in Siberia. The length of the Biya is about 300 km with depth coming to 7 meters in upper parts. Riverhead has rapids 1-2 grade, whirlpools and rifts. Down on the Biya is magnificent calm and navigable. The area of the river basin - 37 000 km².

Throughout of Teletskoe Lake to the confluence with the Katun, the Biya is beautiful for fishing and vacation spots. Fishermen catch taimen, goldilocks, grayling, sturgeon, walleye etc. Major tributaries are the Lebed River, the Sarykoksha, the Pyzha and the Nenya. The Biya water is high transparency full-year in contrast with the Katun River, which is considerably cloud in the summer. From Artybash village to Ust-Pyzha the Biya has 3 significant rapids: Yurtok, Kabyrovsky and Pyzhinsky. Sarykokshinsky rapid is 4 km below the village Kebezen. 2.5 km before Tuloi village is Yurtok rapid, and2.5 km after Tuloi village is long Kuzensky rapid.

6-7 km before Turochak Village, the Biya River passes by high mountains deep steep slopes of different colors into water and forming high ledges. This place is quite dangerous for rafting . “Kruzhilo” is big swirl at the Turochak Village. Raft driven by inexperienced pilot and caught to Kruzhilo can be long spun around and struggled to get out of it. After 2 km from Turochak is last rapid called “Boiling water”. Here the water changes its direction and breaks of stones and rocks, resembling boiling water. 7-8 km after the Biya passes the mouth of the Lebed River and then flows quietly finally coming to the steppes.

Feeding of the Biya River is mainly melting glaciers and snow, and also rainfall. High water in the basin is long period. The Biya floods settlements along the banks as a result of ice jams during the spring. The average annual water consumption is 477 m³ / s (at Biysk city). The Biya freezes in the upper from November to the beginning of December, in the lowers from the middle of November to beginning of December, and even not every year; it is normally opened in the early – middle of April. The source of the river at Teletskoe Lake is surrounded by two villages Artybash and Yogach.

Turochak district center is located on the Biya, as well as the city of Biisk which is extended up to 30 kilometers upstream from the confluence of the Biya and Katun River. The area has a rich history dating back centuries. Biysk has 157 monuments of history and culture. In the 18th century, here, between two rivers, in a convenient place crossing over the Ob river, Bikatunskyi fort was built as well as defensive line of Cossack outposts in nearby villages Sardyp, Ozero-Kureevo and Dmitrievka, resisting the attacks of nomads of Dzungaria. There are many local history museums in Byisk, Turochak, Verh-Katunskyi village and Novikovo; Byisk city has a museum of Chui tract. In ancient times, the area between the Biya and the Katun was inhabited by nomads. Archaeological sites concentrated near Biysk are Paleolithic sites, as well as mounds of the early Iron Age, of Bystrianská culture. Turochak pisanitsa is located on the left bank of the Biya River, about 5 km from Turochak Village. Ancient masters beat patterns with "black stone" - chipped silicon, which is still much in the Altai Mountains. In the Bronze, Iron Ages metal objects, blades of swords, knives were used for these purposes. The head of the animal entirely filled with ocher.

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